Strategies for reducing pollutants from irrigated lands in the Great Plains

  • 187 Pages
  • 4.11 MB
  • English

Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency , Ada, Okla
Irrigation farming -- Great Plains, Water -- Pollution -- Great P
StatementM.L. Quinn, editor ; authors, J.R. Gilley, ... [et al.]
ContributionsQuinn, M. L., Gilley, J. R., Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Nebraska Water Resources Center
The Physical Object
Paginationxvi, 187 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14223103M


Twersky, F.W. Roeth, R.R. Lansford, and K.D. Frank Nebraska Water Resources Center Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska EPA. Get this from a library. Strategies for reducing pollutants from irrigated lands in the Great Plains.

[M L Quinn; J R Gilley; Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory.; Nebraska Water. "Irrigation in the Great Plains—an overview." In M.-L. Quinn (ed.), Strategies for Reducing Pollutants from Irrigated Lands in the Great Plains.

Strategies for reducing pollutants from irrigated lands in the Great Plains book is well illustrated in the problems faced by farmers on the Great Plains that make up the interior of North America (see Figure ).

Stretching from western Texas in the south, along the flanks of the Rocky Mountains to the Canadian prairie provinces in the north, they form an extensive area of temperate grassland with a semi-arid climate. The objective of this paper is to review and synthesize the literature regarding management practices conducive to emissions [carbon dioxide (CO 2), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), and methane (CH 4)] from croplands and grazing lands of Southern Great Plains, and potential strategies that may aid in greenhouse gas mitigation in the region.

The results Cited by: 2. In the Northern Great Plains (NGP), the combined impacts of land-use and climate variability have the potential to place many soils on the tipping point of sustainability. The objectives of this study were to assess if the conversion of grassland to croplands occurred on fragile landscapes in the North America Northern Great Plains.

South Dakota and Nebraska were selected for this study. development of saline seeps in so meha of non-irrigated land in the northern Great Plains [52]. Seeps form when precipitation not used by plants moves below the root zone through the sa.

David L. Regehr, Charles A. Norwood, in The Triazine Herbicides, Introduction. Dryland farming in the Great Plains of the United States is undergoing a revolution that is based firmly on the role that triazine herbicides play in reducing or eliminating mechanical tillage for weed control during fallow periods.

Soil dries out to the depth that is tilled, so reducing or eliminating tillage. Arid Land Irrigation in Developing Countries: Environmental Problems and Effects covers the proceedings of the International Symposium on Arid Land Irrigation, held in Alexandria, Egypt on February This book is organized into eight sections encompassing 46 chapters.

Land plowed, fertilized, and irrigated obviously is useful land, with purpose and value. No longer farmed and lying fallow, that same land may be barren or grow only sparse, weedy vegetation in dry and infertile soils.

Called abandoned or derelict farmland, this land often is an environmental liability, in need of remedy. Abandoned farmland has experienced at least two. O km 2 of irrigated land in the Arab states region suffer from salinization (96M2).

(la) [B4c] ~ Irrigation System Degradation ~ Middle East ~ Iran ~ Officials say that the majority of irrigated lands in Iran are saline, and crop yields are depressed by the toxicity of salt (Ref. 13 of (76E1)). A Guide to Sid Meier's Civilization by Gus Smedstad, War/Strategy Section Leader.

This is a general guide to playing Sid Meier's Civilization, based upon my experiences with the game.

Details Strategies for reducing pollutants from irrigated lands in the Great Plains EPUB

Keep in mind that while the strategies laid out here work, they are not the only possible approaches to the game. Three main conservation strategies can lead to reduced water use: (1) reducing irrigated area, (2) reducing irrigation amount applied to existing crops through improved efficiency, and/or (3.

Research achievements and adoption of no-till, dryland cropping in the semi-arid U.S. Great Plains. Field Crops Research Li, R., and J.W. Merchant.

Modeling vulnerability of groundwater to pollution under future scenarios of climate change and biofuels-related land use change: A case study in North Dakota, USA.

pose a variety of measures to prevent or minimize pollution and mitigate environmental impacts through the im-position of specific permit conditions. DOE may also consider additional mitigation as a condition of the ROD. The proposed IGCC power plant would reduce SO2, NOx, mercury, and particulate emissions by removing constituents from the syngas.

The Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy, signed by the United States and Canada inwas an agreement aimed to reduce several persistent toxic pollutants, including certain POPs, in the Great Lakes Basin over a year period. The strategy provided a guide for governments and stakeholders toward the virtual elimination of 12 identified.

A wide array of crops is irrigated in the Great Plains. Corn occupies about two-fifths of the irrigated land. Nebraska irrigates more than million acres of corn and Kansas nearly million acres.

Hay, grown throughout the region, accounts for nearly 12 percent of the acres irrigated. The ravages of the drought-inspired Dust Bowl of the s were but an extreme example of the damage wind erosion has caused in the western Great Plains, the Pacific Northwest and elsewhere.

Wind erosion of cultivated land, whether dry farmed or irrigated, has been a problem ever since the original sod cover was broken in the dry regions.

Nutrient Pollution Reduction There are various nutrient management techniques that can reduce the amounts of N and P in stream runoff and groundwater. One technique is using enhanced efficiency fertilizers that match nitrogen fertilizer applica- tions to the nitrogen uptake patterns of various crops.

Agriculture is a major user of ground and surface water in the United States, accounting for approximately 80 percent of the Nation's consumptive water use and over 90 percent in many Western States.

Efficient irrigation systems and water management practices can help maintain farm profitability in an era of increasingly limited and more costly water supplies. land contamination accompanied by serious groundwater pollution where vulnerable aquifers are present.

forests, converting pasture to arable land, extending the frontier of irrigated agriculture, intensifying both dryland and irrigated agriculture, introducing biofuel cropping, and reforestation and afforestation with commercial woodland1.

Doing so can help to improve soil health, and reduce erosion, runoff and soil compaction, and therefore the chance of nutrients reaching waterways through runoff. 10 Managing Livestock Access to Streams: Farmers and ranchers can install fence along streams, rivers and lakes to block access from animals to help restore stream banks and prevent.

Water Resources Strategy - Nepal vii Annexes A Sub-sector Policies B Strategy Outputs and Activities in a Log-Frame Format C Indicators for Strategy Outputs List of Tables Table Estimated Population of Nepal in Year Table Projected Population of Nepal in Year Table Comparison of Socio-Economic Indicators of South Asia.

Activities that can cause NPS pollution from irrigated agriculture are new land devel-opment, cultural practices for production, pest management strategies, and irrigation practices.

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SEDIMENT Soil erosion and sediment deposition are primary causes of adverse impacts to surface water quality. Separately, the irrigated cropland and grazing lands in the central portion of the Northern Great Plains are critical for U.S.

livestock production, yet the arid to semiarid climate is highly variable from year to year, which makes it difficult to manage agriculture, recreation, and cultural resources. Pesticides. Through the ages, it seems increasingly that people find a need to minimize the damage of pests with the use of pesticide chemicals and by other means [].Of the many examples of how pests have impacted human society, one of the most infamous is the Black Plague in Europe in the 14th century, when millions of people died from mysterious diseases.

Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation in Agriculture in context to Changing Climate million hectares Net Irrigated area: mha (47%) 3. Reducing soil erosion and land degradation (improved soil management). Examples of management of land and water resources a) encouraging improved irrigation methods like drip and sprinkler.

We need to reduce the amount of land that we pave over. To do this, innovative concepts should be developed that allow for efficient and environmentally sound land use for homes, businesses, industrial and commercial areas, public buildings, sport and recreational areas, roads, shipping and aviation.

Only 23 percent of the irrigated area is devoted to cereal grains, the majority (48 percent) is under pasture (Year Book Australia). However, the total irrigated area in Australia ( M hal is only 12 percent of the area irrigated on the Great Plains.

Despite the important role of irrigation in. This book offers four specific strategies that can serve as the basis for a national policy to protect soil and water quality while maintaining U.S. agricultural productivity and competitiveness. Timely and comprehensive, the volume has important implications for the Clean Air Act and the farm bill.

The dominant water quality pollutants in the region from agriculture include nutrients, salinity, pesticides, microbial pathogens, and sediment; many of these problems are also coincident with rapid growth and development in the region.

Severe drought has affected much of the region during the last four years, further straining resources.The Great Plains is the most productive dryland wheat area in the world, and pivotal to world grain supplies (Riebsame ).

Great Plains production accounts for 51% of the nation's wheat, 40% of its sorghum, 36% of its barley, 22% of its cotton, 14% of its oats, and 13% of its corn.

It produces 40% of the nation's cattle (Skold ).

Description Strategies for reducing pollutants from irrigated lands in the Great Plains PDF

Figure Irrigation is the process of applying controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil.